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Places - mentioned in primary research, or important references

The following places are mentioned in literature as locations where fieldwork was done among Kerala fishermen. Some places that feature in the literature in the Kerala context are secondary, but are nevertheless mentioned for the sake of being comprehensive.

North and South Coast of Kerala

There is a marked difference in types of fishing craft, fish species, and quality of life between the northern parts of the Kerala coast and the southern parts. There is no clear cut boundary, but scaled. To facilitate communication, Kochi, the second largest city of Kerala, is regarded as the boundary between the north and south coasts of Kerala. As Kochi's fisheries industry is more similar to the north, its data will be included in north coast discussions.

List of places

Malayalam is the official language in Kerala, and there is no common standard translating from the script used into English. The spelling of a place name can thus vary to such an extent that it is difficult to make a correlation by an English reader. For example, Palakkad is also written Palghat, and Tuticorin is also written Thoothukudi.

All maps from Google Maps.

Beypore

Kozhikode District (north coast)

Beypore (or Beypur) is the main harbour of Kozhikode. It is 13Km south of the Kozhikode city centre, on the northern bank of the Chaliyar River. Chaliyam (where Srinivasan and Burrell conducted their research) is on the southern bank. Mainly large fishing trawlers are operated from here. Beypore fishing harbour is about a kilometer north of the Beypore goods port, which is transported by ship or large boats.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Chaliyam

Kozhikode District (north coast)

Chaliyam is a small village near Feroke, a suburb of the Kozhikode metropolitan area. It is 16km south of Kozhikode on the southern bank of the Chaliyar River (Beypore is on the northern bank).

[mentioned by Srinivasan and Burrell].

Chavakkad

Thrissur District (north coast)

Chavakkad is a fishing harbour in the Thrissur District. It is on the coast of the Arabian Sea, 27km east of the city of Thrissur.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Coimbatore / Kovai

State of Tamil Nadu

Coimbatore (also known as Kovai) is a city in Tamil Nadu in the Western Ghats mountain area, near the border of Kerala. It is the main city of the Coimbatore district in the state of Tamil Nadu.

[mentioned by Abraham]

Edava

Thiruvananthapuram District

Edava is about 6km north of Varkala Beach, 53km north of Thiruvananthapuram, and 28km south of Kollam.

[mentioned by ]

Kalamukku

Ernakulam District

The Kalamukku fish landing centre lies north of Gosree (also spelled Goshree) Bridge, which connects Vypin Island with Kochi city.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Kanhangad

Kasaragod District (north coast)

Kanhangad is a town and a municipality in Kasaragod District on the northern coast of Kerala. It is 28 km south of Kasaragod.

[mentioned by Jensen]

Kannur / Cannanore

Kannur District (north coast)

Kannur (also known as Cannanore) is a costal city in Kannur district in the far north of Kerala. It is 276Km north of Kochi. Its main port is Azhikkal port (13 Km north of the city centre), while the nearest all-weather sea port is Mangalore in Karnataka state.

[mentioned by Jensen, although he only mentions the district, so it is unclear whether his research was done in the city of Kannur]

Kanyakumari

State of Tamil Nadu

Kanyakumari (formally known as Cape Comorin) is a coastal town in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. It is 85km southeast of Thiruvananthapuram.

[mentioned by Abraham]

Kasaragod

Kasaragod District (north coast)

Kasaragod the administrative headquarters of Kasaragod district as well as of Kasaragod Taluk, on the far northern coast of Kerala, 367Km from Kochi. The main economic activities of the Kasaragod district are ship building, and agriculture (mainly coconut, rubber, timber) with some tile manufacturing. Fishing is not an important contributor.

[mentioned by Jensen, although he only mentions the district, so it is unclear whether his research was done in the city of Kasaragod]

Kochi / Cochin

Ernakulam District

Kochi is the second most populated city in Kerala (after Thiruvananthapuram, or Trivandrum). For our research project we used Kochi as the boundary between the north and south coasts, and included its data in the north coast discussions. We visited several fish landing sites in Kochi. Vypin island can be seen top-left in the map.


[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Kollam / Quilon

Kollam District (south coast)

Kollam (or Quilon, formerly known as Desinganadu) is an ancient port 70km north of Thiruvananthapuram. It is one of the most important fishing centres in Kerala. Neendakara is its most important fishing village. Other important ones are: Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravur. There are plans to establish a more prominent fishing harbour at Neendakara.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Kollengode

Palakkad District

Kollengode (also spelled in English as Kollamcode and Kollemcode) is about 8km south of Poovar, about 18km south of Neyyattinkara, and about 36km south of Thiruvananthapuram.

[mentioned by ]

Kovalam

Thiruvananthapuram District (south coast)

Kovalam consists of a few beaches (Lighthouse Beach, Hawah or Eve's Beach, Samudra Beach), and is the main tourist beach of Thiruvananthapuram city. Some fishing occurs here. Kovalam is 11km south of the Thiruvananthapuram city centre.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Kozhikode / Calicut

Kozhikode District (north coast)

Kozhikode (also known as Calicut) is a city in northern Kerala on the Malabar Coast. It is 181Km north of Kochi. It is an ancient port, referenced by both Chinese and Arabic merchants. It is the third largest city in Kerala. Its main harbour is at Beypore (13Km south of the Kozhikode city centre) while a minor port is at Vadakara (48Km north of the city).

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014], [mentioned by Jensen, although he only mentions the district, so it is unclear whether his research was done in the city of Kozhikode]

Manassery

Ernakulam / Kozhikode? District

Manassery is east of Kozhikode in the interior.

Manjeshwar

Kasaragod District

Manjeshwar is the most northern coastal town in Kerala, about 26km south of Mangalore in the state of Karnataka, and about 30km north of Kasaragod.

[mentioned by ]

Munambam

Ernakulam District (north coast)

Munambam is a fishing village on the northern side of Vypeen Island. The Arabian Sea is on the west, and the Periyar river on the east. It is one of the large and important fishing harbour in this district, 42km north of the Kochi city centre.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Nagercoil

State of Tamil Nadu

Nagercoil is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District. It is 68 km east from the city of Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala.

The town is situated close to the tip of the Indian peninsula, locked with the Western Ghats on all sides. The town was a part of the erstwhile Travancore state, or later Travancore-Cochin state, till almost a decade after the Indian independence in 1947.

It is not in Kerala, but in Tamil Nadu.

Fish-net manufacturing is a growing business in and around the town.

[mentioned by Abraham]

Nayarambalam

Ernakulam District (north coast)

Nayarambalam is a suburb more or less in the centre of Vypin island of Cochin city (Ernakulam District). It is 23km north-north-west from the city centre of Kochi.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Neendakara

Kollam District (south coast)

Neendakara is a fishing village of Kollam 9 km north of the city centre. It is a safe harbour, while the market is roofed and has a concrete floor. Neendakara was the headquarters of the Indo-Norwegian Fisheries Community project from 1953 to 1961. Fishing is the major economic activity, while other income is generated by working as migrants overseas. The standard of living is of the highest in India.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Palakkad / Palghat

Palakkad District (interior)

Palakkad (previously known as Palghat) an interior town and municipality in the state of Kerala in the Western Ghats mountain area, near the border with Tamil Nadu.

Paravur

Kollam District

Paravur is 22km south of Kollam.

[mentioned by Sajeev 1993]

Quilon Port / Kollam Port

Kollam District (south coast)

Quilon Port (also known as Kollam Port) – see above.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Sri Gosreepuram

Ernakulam District

The Sri Gosreepuram Fish Landing and Marketing Centre is located south of Gosree (also spelled Goshree) Bridge, and a private centre, not government owned. On the map below, the centre is on the corner of angled quai, south of Jeyes Ice Factory.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Thalassery

Kannur district (north coast)

Thalassery is a coastal town, without a sea port, on the Malabar Coast of Northern Kerala, (Kannur district). It is 255km north of Kochi.

[mentioned by Jensen, although he only mentions the district, so it is unclear whether his research was done in the city of Thalassery]

Thiruvananthapuram

Thiruvananthapuram District (south coast)

Thiruvananthapuram (also known as Trivandrum), is the capital of the state of Kerala. It is 204km south of Kochi. The tertiary sector is the dominant workforce, with technologies such as IT and bio-technologies on the increase. Tourism is also in important source of income. Kovalam is a popular tourist des tin at io, while Vizhinjam (see below) it main fishing port.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014] [mentioned by John and Jobi]

Thoppumpady

Ernakulam District (north coast)

Thoppumpady is a fishing landing centre just north of the Thoppumpady bridge (also known as Mattancherry Bridge) connected to Willingdon Island (Kochi).

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Thottappally

Alappuzha District (south coast)

Thottappally is a fishing village 21km south of Alappuzha. It has a safe all weather fishing harbour with access to good road network. The main catch we saw were sardines which was auctioned to resellers who sell it at markets in nearby towns.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Tuticorin / Thoothukudi

State of Tamil Nadu

Tuticorin, also known as Thoothukudi is an east coast port city and industrial city in Thoothukudi district, in the Bay of Bengal of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This is an ancient sea port, referenced as long ago as in the 500s CE. Pearl diving creates an important source of income for the fishing industry. There are 600 varieties of fish, of which 72 are important for the fisheries industry.

[mentioned by Abraham]

Valiathura

Thiruvananthapuram District (south coast)

Valiathura is a suburb of Thiruvananthapuram, 5km southwest from the city centre, and in earlier times the only port along the South Kerala coast. Since Kochi became the major port, its pier was no longer used and in poor shape.

Its fish market is a beach market, held on the sandy beach when boats land. Migrant work is the major economic activity, that is, locals working in other countries.

Valiathura is about 8Km north of Vizhinjam, as the crow flies.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Varkala

Thiruvananthapuram District (south coast)

Varkala is a holiday resort, 50km north of Thiruvananthapuram, and about 40km south of Kollam.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

Vizhinjam

Thiruvananthapuram District (south coast)

Vizhinjam is a fishing port of Thiruvananthapuram, about 13Km south of the city centre, as the crow flies. It is about 8Km south of Valiathura.

Kovalam beach is 3 km from Vizhinjam. There are plans to turn Vizhinjam into a deep water container port.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]; [mentioned by Srinivasan and Burrell]

Vypin (or Vypeen)

Ernakulam District (north coast)

Vypin (or Vypeen) is an island on the coast of Kochi. The island is about 27 km long along its north-south axis, and 2.5km wide east-west. There are several landing centres and villages on the island. Trawlers dominate the landing centres on Vypin closer to the city of Kochi. Many Chinese nets are found along the seashores of Vypin and Fort Kochi. On the map it is the section top-left.

[mentioned by Steyn and Das 2014]

© Jacques Steyn 2014